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Upper east side skyline

the neighbourhood's skyline

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Upper East Side is the main setting for the 1999 hit teen drama Cruel Intentions

LocationEdit

The Upper East Side is located on the island of Manhattan in the city of New York, NY. It borders Central Park to the West, the East River ro the East, Midtown Manhattan to the South and East Harlem to the North.

Perceived AffuenceEdit

The Upper East Side is home to the richest people in the city and is the location for the country's most expensive real estate. it's 10021 zip code is the most expensive zip code in the United States, over the years the neighbourhood has been known for it's highly expensive streets such as Fifth Avenue the most expensive street in the world at $15,000USD per square foot, Park Avenue a 2-way street well-known in december for it's holiday celebration by lining the garden islands with christmas trees and Madison Avenue one of the most exclusive shopping streets in the world with Some of the world's most upscale boutiques are located on Madison Avenue including Manrico, Gucci, Hermès, Prada, Chanel, Asprey, Cartier SA, Chloé, Tom Ford, Oscar de la Renta, Coach, Christian Louboutin, Yves Saint Laurent, Missoni, Dolce & Gabbana, J. Press, Vera Wang, Loro Piana, Emanuel Ungaro, Carolina Herrera, Jil Sander, Miu Miu, Jimmy Choo, Christian Dior, Bvlgari, Graff, Roger Vivier, Oliver Peoples, Christofle, Baccarat, Bally, Issey Miyake, David Yurman, Roberto Cavalli, J. Mendel, Valentino, Donna Karan, Luca Luca, Lana Marks, Fred Leighton, Giorgio Armani, Ralph Lauren, Mulberry, Kenzo, Max Mara, Calypso, Etro, Givenchy, Michael Kors, Chopard, Lambertson Truex, Longchamp, Herve Leger, Sonia Rykiel, Breguet, Blancpain, Folli Follie, Juicy Couture, Cole Haan, Celine, Armani Collezioni, Stuart Weitzman, Calvin Klein, Betsey Johnson, Paul Stuart, Ann Taylor and many more.

In Real LifeEdit

The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park and the East River. The Upper East Side lies within an area bounded by 59th Street, 96th Street, Central Park and the East River.[1] Once known as the 'Silk Stocking District', it has in recent times retained its position as the most affluent area of New York City and today has some of the most expensive real estate in the United States.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 History

HistoryEdit

Before the arrival of Europeans, the mouths of streams[2] that eroded gullies in the East River bluffs are conjectured to have been the sites of fishing camps used by the Lenape, whose controlled burns once a generation or so kept the dense canopy of oak-hickory forest open at ground level.[3]

In the 19th century[4] the farmland and market garden district of what was to be the Upper East Side was still traversed by the Boston Post Road and, from 1837, the New York and Harlem Railroad, which brought straggling commercial development around its one station in the neighborhood, at 86th Street, which became the heart of German Yorkville. The area was defined by the attractions of the bluff overlooking the East River, which ran without interruption from James William Beekman's "Mount Pleasant", north of the marshy squalor of Turtle Bay, to Gracie Mansion, north of which the land sloped steeply to the wetlands that separated this area from the suburban village of Harlem.[5] Among the series of villas a Schermerhorn country house overlooked the river at the foot of 73rd Street, and the Riker homestead at the foot of 75th Street.[6] By the mid-19th century the farmland had largely been subdivided, with the exception of the 150 acres (0.61 km2) of Jones' Wood, stretching from 66th to 76th Streets and from the Old Post Road (Third Avenue) to the river[7] and the farmland inherited by James Lenox, who divided it into blocks of houselots in the 1870s,[8] built his Lenox Library on a Fifth Avenue lot,[9] and donated a full square block for the Presbyterian Hospital, between 70th and 71st Streets, and Madison and Park Avenues.[10] At that time, along the Boston Post Road taverns stood at the mile-markers, Five-Mile House at 72nd Street and Six-Mile House at 97th, a New Yorker recalled in 1893.[11]

The fashionable future of the narrow strip between Central Park and the railroad cut was established at the outset by the nature of its entrance, in the southwest corner, north of the Vanderbilt family's favored stretch of Fifth Avenue in the 50s[12] A row of handsome townhouses were built on speculation by Mary Mason Jones, who owned the entire block bounded by 57th and 58th Streets and Fifth and Madison; in 1870 she occupied the prominent corner house at 57th and Fifth, though not in the isolation described by her niece, Edith Wharton: "It was her habit to sit in a window of her sitting room on the ground floor, as if watching calmly for life and fashion to flow northward to her solitary door... She was sure that presently the quarries, the wooden greenhouses in ragged gardens, the rocks from which goats surveyed the scene, would vanish before the advance of residences as stately as her own."[13] The picture has been uncritically accepted as history, Christopher Gray has pointed out.[14]

Before the Park Avenue railroad cut was covered (finished in 1910), fashionable New Yorkers shunned the smoky railroad trench up Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue), to build stylish mansions and townhouses on the large lots along Fifth Avenue, facing Central Park, and on the adjacent side streets. The latest arrivals were the rich Pittsburghers Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick. The classic phase of Gilded Age Fifth Avenue as a stretch of private mansions was not long-lasting: the first apartment house to replace a private mansion on upper Fifth Avenue was 907 Fifth Avenue (1916), at 72nd Street, the neighborhood's grand carriage entrance to Central Park.[15]

Most members of New York's upper-class families have made residences on the Upper East Side, including the oil-rich Rockefellers [1], political Roosevelts [2], political dynastic Kennedys [3][4], thoroughbred racing moneyed Whitneys [5][6], and tobacco and electric power fortuned Dukes. [7]

Construction of the 3rd Avenue El, opened from 1878 in sections, followed by the 2nd Avenue El, opened in 1880, linked the Upper East Side's middle class and skilled artisans closely to the heart of the city, and confirmed the modest nature of the area to their east. The ghostly "Hamilton Square", which had appeared as one of the few genteel interruptions of the grid plan on city maps since the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, was intended to straddle what had now become the Harlem Railroad right-of-way between 66th and 69th Streets; it never materialized, though during the Panic of 1857 its unleveled ground was the scene of an open-air mass meeting called in July to agitate for the secession of the city and its neighboring counties from New York State, and the city divided its acreage into house lots and sold them.[16] From the 1880s Yorkville, as it was known, extended east past Lexington Avenue and became a suburb of middle-class Germans, many of whom worked in nearby piano factories, stables, and breweries.

Gracie Mansion, the last remaining suburban villa overlooking the East River, became the home of New York's mayor in 1942. The East River Drive, designed by Robert Moses, was extended southwards from the first section, from 125th Street to 92nd Street, which was completed in 1934 as a boulevard, an arterial highway running at street level; reconstruction designs from 1948 to 1966 converted FDR Drive, as it was renamed after Franklin Delano Roosevelt, into the full limited-access parkway that is in use today.

GeographyEdit

[1][2]The Metropolitan Museum of Art at 5th Ave and 82nd St.Generally speaking, the Upper East Side stretches from 59th Street to 96th Street (in the zip codes of 10021, 10022, 10065, 10075, 10028, 10029 and 10128).[17] Along 5th Avenue and Central Park, the Upper East Side actually extends past Mount Sinai Medical Center to 110th Street, but as you move East toward the East River, the Upper East Side ends where the railroad tracks emerge at 97th Street. Embedded within the Upper East Side are the neighborhoods of Yorkville, centered on 86th Street and Third Avenue and Carnegie Hill, centered on 94th Street and Fifth Avenue and Lenox Hill centered on 69th Street and 1st Avenue.

Its north-south avenues are Fifth Avenue, Madison Avenue, Park Avenue, Lexington Avenue, Third, Second and First Avenues, York Avenue, and East End Avenue (the latter runs only from East 79th Street to East 90th Street).

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2000 census, there were 207,543 people residing in the Upper East Side. The population density was 118,184 people per square mile (45,649/km²), making Manhattan Community Board 8, coterminous with the Upper East Side, the densest Community Board in the city.[18] The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 88.25% White, 6.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.34% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.39% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. 5.62% of the population were Hispanic of any race. Twenty-one percent of the population was foreign born; of this, 45.6% came from Europe, 29.5% from Asia, 16.2% from Latin America and 8.7% from other. The female-male ratio was very high with 125 females for 100 males.[19]

Given its very high population density and per capita income ($85,081 in 2000), the neighborhood is believed to contain the greatest concentration of individual wealth in the nation.[citation needed] As of 2000, 75.6% of adults (25+) had attained a bachelor's degree or higher.

PoliticsEdit

The Upper East Side is one of few areas of Manhattan where Republicans constitute more than 20% of the electorate. In the southwestern part of the neighborhood Republican voters equal Democratic voters (the only such area in Manhattan), whereas in the rest of the neighborhood Republicans make up between 20 and 40% of registered voters.[20]

The Upper East Side is also notable as a significant location of political fundraising in the United States. Four of the top five zip codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan. The top ZIP Code, 10021, is on the Upper East Side and generated the most money for the 2004 presidential campaigns of both George W. Bush and John Kerry.[21]


[3][4]Musicians Mutual Protective Union, 85th Street==[edit] Economy== Many diplomatic missions are located in former mansions on the Upper East Side. The Consulate-General of France in New York is located at 934 Fifth Avenue between 74th Street and 75th Street.[22] The Consulate-General of Greece in New York is located at 69 East 79th Street (10021), occupying the former George L. Rives residence. The Consulate-General of Italy in New York is located at 690 Park Avenue(10065).[23] The Consulate-General of India in New York is located at 3 East 64th Street between 5th Avenue and Madison Avenue.[24] The Consulate-General of Pakistan in New York is located at 12 East 65th Street (10065).[25]

Missions to the United Nations in the Upper East Side include:[26]

Cost of livingEdit

The Upper East Side maintains one of the highest pricing per square foot in the United States. A 2002 report cited the average cost per square foot as $856; however, that price has noticed a substantial jump, increasing to almost as much as $1,200 per square foot as of 2006.[27][28]

Renters tend to find favorable pricing in the neighborhood compared to others in Manhattan, with average one-bedroom apartments ranging near $2,200 per month.[29] Due to the high population density and land prices there are many luxury residential high-rises and skyscrapers in the neighborhood, the tallest of which is the Trump Palace Condominiums tower.

The only public housing projects for those of low to moderate incomes on the Upper East Side are located close to the neighborhood's northeastern limits, the Holmes Towers and Isaacs Houses.

Government and infrastructureEdit

The United States Postal Service operates post offices at Lenox Hill Station (10021), 221 East 70th Street; Cherokee Station (10075), 1483 York Avenue;[30] Gracie Station (10028), 229 East 85th Street;[31] and Yorkville Station (10128), 1617 3rd Avenue.[32]

TransportationEdit

The Upper East Side is currently served by one subway line, the four-track IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 6 <6>), and local bus routes. Due to severe congestion on the subway and buses, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority is currently building a new subway line, the Second Avenue Subway, along Second Avenue. The first phase will run from 96th Street to 63rd Street, where it will physically connect with the BMT Broadway Line; service will be provided by a northern extension of the Q train. In later phases, the line will be extended north to 125th Street/Park Avenue in Harlem and south to Hanover Square in the Financial District, and a new T service will run its entire length.

Landmarks and cultural institutionsEdit

[5][6]East 69th Street between Park and Madison Avenues with its townhouses is a typical example of the many sidestreets of the Upper East SideThe area is host to some of the most famous museums in the world. The string of museums along Fifth Avenue fronting Central Park has been dubbed "Museum Mile." It was once named "Millionaire's Row." Among the cultural institutions on the Upper East Side:

Political institutions
Hotels

EducationEdit

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

Private schoolsEdit

Girls' schools
Boys' schools
Coeducational schools

Public schoolsEdit

New York City Department of Education operates area public schools.

Public lower and middle schools
Public high schools

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Public librariesEdit

The New York Public Library operates the 67th Street Branch Library at 328 East 67th Street, near First Avenue,[33] the Yorkville Branch Library, 222 East 79th Street and the 96th Street Branch Library at 112 East 96th Street, near Lexington Avenue.[34]

In popular cultureEdit

The Upper East Side has been a setting for many movies, television shows, and many other media due to its world-class museums, expensive restaurants and boutiques, proximity to Central Park, elite schools, and influential residents.